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The trial in the Nirbahaya case began in 2013 at the Saket Court in Delhi. AP Singh, who represented two of the defendants, questioned Nirbhaya`s character and asked her what she was doing late at night with a boyfriend. “Nirbhaya Chetna Diwas”, a public event organized by women`s and civic groups, candlelight vigils, prayer meetings and other events were held at Jantar Mantar on December 16, 2015, to honor Jyoti on the third anniversary of her death. In a “brave tribute to her daughter”, Ayoti`s mother, Asha Devi, said: “My daughter`s name was Jyoti Singh and I am not ashamed to mention her. Those who commit heinous crimes such as rape should bow their heads in shame, not those of the victims or their families. [46] Devi spoke out against the minor`s imminent release and made four demands for justice: On the basis of these constitutional obligations, each defendant has the right to obtain a lawyer of his or her own choosing. The situation is no different with the four accused in the Hathras case. According to the FIR registered by Uttar Pradesh Police, the four people arrested in connection with the September 14 assault of a Dalit woman in Hathras district are charged with rape and fatal assault of the 19-year-old woman, who died two weeks later in a Delhi hospital on September 29. Richie Mehta, a Canadian filmmaker, directed a seven-part online TV series called Delhi Crime in 2019. It was based on the consequences and subsequent search of the perpetrators. Starring Shefali Shah, Rasika Duggal and Adil Hussain, the series was released on Netflix.

[266] This 7-episode series won Best Drama Series at the 48th International Emmy Awards. Here`s another way AP Singh defends what he did in the Nirbhaya case. He said: “Now, when a trial or appeal is available to an accused or convicted person, it is the constitutional duty of his lawyer to ensure that it is invoked and followed. The public should refrain from making irresponsible comments about defenders. Police found and arrested some suspects within 24 hours of the crime. [60] Based on CCTV footage of the highway, a description of the bus, a white charter bus with a name, was released. Other operators have identified him as being under contract with a private school in South Delhi. They then chased him and found his driver, Ram Singh. The police, with the help of the victim, obtained sketches of the attackers and used a mobile phone stolen from the two victims to find one of the attackers. [60] An author from the South Asia Analysis Group explained the protests as an expression of middle-class fear resulting from the collapse of a social contract between them and the liberal state. [191] New Delhi has the highest number of sex crimes among India`s major cities. Police figures show that rape is reported every 18 hours on average; Reported rape cases increased by almost 17% between 2007 and 2011.

[192] Only in one of 706 rape cases filed in Delhi in 2012 was the perpetrator successfully convicted. [79] Between December 16 and December 4. In January, Delhi police recorded 501 harassment calls and 64 rape calls, but only four were investigated. [189] Regional Director of the United Nations Programme. Women South Asia said: “There are cases of rape in almost every town and rural area where the victim dies instantly because of the brutality of the crime. This time it was like, `Wake up.` [193] The outburst of anger and grief that followed the rape and murder raised hopes for change in India. [237] The government responded by passing several new laws against sexual assault, including a mandatory minimum sentence of 20 years for gang rape and six new summary courts created exclusively to prosecute rape. [238] As an indicator of the magnitude of the rape prosecution problem, the Nirbhaya case was the only conviction among the 706 rape cases filed in New Delhi in 2012. [239] Between December 16, 2012 and January 4, 2013, Delhi Police registered 501 allegations of harassment and 64 allegations of rape, but only four investigations were opened. However, it appears that the Nirbhaya case had an impact on the willingness of rape or harassment victims to report the crime; Police records show that in the last nine months of 2013, nearly twice as many rape victims filed complaints and four times as many harassment allegations were made. [239] A recent report by the National Crime Records Bureau shows that 95% of cases referred to police were classified as crimes. However, there is a large backlog of cases: less than 15% of defendants were tried in 2012, leaving 85% awaiting trial.

[240] Prior to his death, extreme misery was imposed on the prosecution, and this event had serious repercussions on the social order of the crime. In this case, the mitigating circumstances were the issues raised by counsel for the convicts. Therefore, aggravating circumstances outweigh mitigating factors. The court ruled that mitigating and aggravating factors must be taken into account and that there must be a balance between the two. In this case, there were mitigating factors such as dependent and sick parents, age of the convict, behaviour in prison, lack of a criminal record, remorse after the crime, but aggravating factors outweighed them. The court ruled that the plot with gang rape and murder on the moving bus was brutal, barbaric and evil and that the victim`s companion had been attacked, brutally beaten and robbed. They also tried to drive the bus over her after throwing her naked out of the bus one winter night. The evidence clearly showed that the victim`s internal organs were punctured and torn by repeated insertion of iron bars and hands, causing serious injuries to the victim, who later succumbed to his injuries. The convicts had also attempted to destroy evidence by washing the bus and burning the clothes of the deceased, after which they distributed the loot among themselves, confirming the death sentence. A committee has been set up and the Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2013 has been enacted to effectively combat sexual offences. The court mentions that the mitigating circumstances were not sufficient to remove the case from the category of the rarest cases and thus to confirm the death penalty. After garnering national and global attention, the Nirbhaya rape case in Delhi has become an urgent pivotal moment and a turning point for the feminist and women`s movement in India.

In the period following this case, the Indian government found a way to advance laws and policies on violence against women. Her case sparked an important movement known as the “Nirbhaya movement,” which noted the prevalence of sexual harm against women in India. Struggles, protests and public pressure, both nationally and globally, have pressured the Indian government to take a step. They formed a high-level committee; headed by the former Chief Justice of India, Justice Verma, called the Verma Committee. Their main proposals were to broaden the meaning of the word “rape” to include non-penetrative sex, to create new offences for acts such as acid attacks and sexual harassment, and to increase penalties for those convicted of rape.

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