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The case is the latest in a series of so-called “natural rights” laws and court rulings aimed at giving ecosystems, animals and parts of the natural world rights similar to those of humans, corporations and trusts. Countries such as Ecuador, Bolivia, Panama, and New Zealand have adopted variations of natural rights, as have more than 30 communities and local governments in the United States. In general, legal rights, such as the right to exist and regenerate, offer nature a higher level of protection than conventional environmental laws. These are not factual and therefore only apply to humans and not animals, since only humans have the ability and free will (or freedom of choice), these are the types of laws that contain choice in themselves, which can be understood with an example after the 10 commandments. a commandment says, “Thou shalt not kill,” so it is a statement followed by a person according to his free will, whether he kills or not, will depend on his choice, but in the case of natural laws, these laws are not based on free will, so a feather will fall when it is thrown, According to the laws of gravity, It will be cold in winter and hot in summer, depending on the different seasons. He also says that natural law can be acquired by humans by applying arguments to the material provided by the senses, due to which sensory perception also becomes necessary to know natural law. “Locke believed that the most fundamental human law of nature is the preservation of humanity,” he said, that “individuals have both the right and the duty to protect their own lives” to achieve this goal. However, murderers lose their right to life because they behave illogically and outside the bounds of the law of reason towards the material as visualized by their senses. While the court could have stopped there, Judge Srimathy took the rights of nature, invoking “parens patriae jurisdiction”. or the government`s power to act as guardian for those who cannot support themselves. He then recognized the rights, duties and duties of Mother Nature, entrusting the state and central governments with the responsibility to “protect Mother Nature” and take appropriate measures to protect Mother Nature in every possible way.

“We believe that to protect the rights of nature, we need a new system for nature that goes beyond the legal entity to a `legal nature` where the rights of nature are protected and properly interpreted, guaranteed and respected,” she said, citing a recent Ecuadorian court ruling as an example. Mari Margil, executive director of the Spokane, Washington-based Center for Democratic and Environmental Rights, said recognizing nature as a legal entity with the same rights, duties and responsibilities as humans is not an ideal approach because nature is inherently different from humans and cannot be held accountable in the same way. John Locke went even further to explain the property theory of law, he says that if a person steals your property, you have the right to kill that person, and if the government does not protect your life, liberty or property, you can revolt against such a form of government. Thomas Hobbes, on the other hand, believes in safety and security as well as natural rights, he says that there must be a sovereign to protect people`s rights and freedoms, otherwise people will slit their throats because people in the state of nature are very “lonely, poor, wicked, brutal and small”. Then you enter a society, to protect your rights, and that form of expression is democracy. The official, who said he was following orders from a senior officer, argued that the document had been corrected and that the ground remained protected. He asked the court to quash his sentence. Judge Srimathy reduced the official`s sentence to a six-month suspension for the “unnatural act.” John Locke was the philosopher who theorized that human beings are equal and free by nature, they are equal because God made everyone equal with equal rights, even humans are free (i.e. free will) while forming their choices based on the presence of pleasure and pain. which makes people think before making their decisions, but we must also not forget that the action of an individual, whatever He does, must be in accordance with the command of the Sovereign, and it is God, we must follow the commandments of God because we are God`s creation, and this was theorized by Him in the Two Treatises of Government [vii]. He maintained his position that people have rights, such as the “right to life, liberty and property”, these rights are absolute and therefore the government has a duty to protect these rights because the people have elected the government, the government by which they want to be governed.

for which the laws of the rulers must be respected. Governments that do not comply can be overthrown and replaced by new ones. Philosophers and jurists are not lagging behind theologians in their quest for a law superior to positive law; And they developed the theory of natural law. The theory of natural law was founded and elaborated by Aristotle, the Stoics of the Greco-Hellenistic period and later by Cicero during the Roman period. They believed that natural law consisted of certain principles of justice and truth, which were governed by right reason, that is: in accord with nature, would be discovered. Medieval Christian philosophers like Thomas Aquinas try to transform the natural law into a part of God`s law. Religious freedom gained momentum during this period. Christian philosophers, however, could not regard the practice of slavery and severe restrictions on serfdom as notions of freedom and equality. As feudalism declined, modern theory of natural law emerged, especially as formulated by Grotius, who separated natural law from religion and laid the foundation for the secular and rationalist version of modern natural law. Natural law theory has led to natural law theory, a theory more closely related to modern human rights. Locke and Rousseau, who, with the help of the new concept of social contract, developed a philosophy according to which the right to life, liberty and property are inherent human rights. Critics have pointed out that most norms of natural law theories contain a priori elements derived from fixative norms.

In other words, natural law, which considers rights as natural, differs from one theorist to another, according to their conception of nature. For this reason, natural law theory became unpopular with jurists and philosophers. He rejects the idea of natural law as a set of authoritative higher laws and that a person`s behavior should be measured in light of these principles. No theory of natural law can be accepted that attempts to establish in advance an eternal and immutable code of nature. Instead, he suggests that a new name be proposed for an old phenomenon. He proposed the term “eunomic,” which he defined as “the theory or study of good order and practical arrangement.” In doing so, he warns that eunomism must not attempt orthodoxy or the doctrine of binding final goals. Locke was absolutely right when he realized that it was necessary to sanction the law. For if no one were present in the natural state that was unable to enforce the law, defend the innocent and prevent the perpetrators from committing injustice, all the laws of nature and all the other laws that affect humanity in this world would be ineffective. While India`s Supreme Court considered the petition, Ecuador`s Constitutional Court issued its own landmark ruling declaring that the country`s constitutional rights include wildlife rights.

Environmentalists and animal rights activists hope India will be the next country to offer animals the highest protection of the law. Manjeri Subin Sunder Raj, an India-based lawyer and author of Earth Justice, said it was not clear why Indian judges stuck to defining nature as a legal entity with duties and responsibilities, rather than simply recognizing nature`s rights, such as the right to exist and regenerate. as was common in other countries such as Ecuador and Bolivia. It is claimed that the concept of natural law has always existed, not even in terms of human understanding or any type of governmental structure or legislation.

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